By Haim D Rabinowitch, Lesley Currah
The Alliums are essentially the most historic cultivated plants and contain onions, garlic, leeks and different similar crops. the first goal of this booklet is to assemble, in one quantity, updated wisdom received by way of numerous medical disciplines, from the elemental molecular point, to software within the box, of the allium vegetation. It comprises commissioned chapters on issues that experience proven significant advances rather within the final 10 years resembling molecular biology, floriculture and agronomy. individuals comprise prime international experts from Europe, america, Japan and New Zealand.
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Additional resources for Allium crop science : recent advances
A second, less pronounced centre of species diversity occurs in western North America. These centres of diversity possess differing percentages of the several subgroups of the genus and are thus clearly distinguishable in taxonomic terms. Evolution of the genus has been accompanied by ecological diversification. The majority of species grow in open, sunny, rather dry sites in arid and moderately humid climates. However, Allium species have adapted to many other ecological niches. Different types of forests, European subalpine pastures and moist subalpine and alpine grasslands of the Himalayan and Central Asian high mountains all contain some Allium species, and gravelly places along river-banks do as well.
Spring-, summer- and autumn-flowering taxa exist. There are short- and long-living perennials, species with one or several annual cycles of leaf formation, and even continuously leafing ones. Species may show summer or winter dormancy. For many species (named ‘ephemeroids’), annual growth is limited to a very short period in spring and early summer when the cycle from leaf sprouting to seed maturation is completed in 2 or 3 months. Conditions suitable for seed germination vary between species. Seed dormancy is variable between wild species.
For a long time it has traditionally been grown for the bulbs in home gardens in West Siberia. Recently it has also become attractive as a medicinal plant in Europe (Hanelt, 2001). 1 Allium schoenoprasum L. Chives are naturally distributed in most parts of the northern hemisphere (they are the most widely distributed Allium of all). In Europe, the young leaves are appreciated as an early vitamin source in spring and are used as a condiment for salads, sauces and special dishes (Poulsen, 1990; van der Meer, 1997; Hanelt, 2001).
Allium crop science : recent advances by Haim D Rabinowitch, Lesley Currah