By Ann M. Bisantz, Catherine M. Burns
Despite persisted curiosity in Cognitive paintings research (CWA) concepts for the research and layout of advanced, human-technology structures, few released debts exist that rfile all the 5 instructed levels of CWA in actual international purposes. Delineating a work-centered conceptual framework that publications the layout of expertise, Applications of Cognitive paintings research presents the certainty essential to practice those strong strategies to genuine international, huge scale method layout difficulties in a number of domains.
The booklet presents a whole CWA research for a posh, simulated air site visitors regulate atmosphere and a 3 part research of a precise healthcare approach. It contains distinctive functions of labor area, keep an eye on projects, and methods research for platforms together with army command and keep an eye on, transportation, and emergency administration. The members current discussions and examples of recommendations drawn from examine and layout traditions except CWA that may be used to enrich and enhance CWA analyses in components of social and association research, and information and talents research. They emphasize very important theoretical and alertness orientated advances in CWA regarding the combination of CWA inside a bigger procedure layout. The concluding bankruptcy examines the development of CWA as a cognitive engineering software, then outlines its theoretical underpinnings and a course for the way forward for this process.
The publication demonstrates how those tools should be utilized in complicated, actual global layout contexts, topic to constraints of expense, time, and data. It indicates the how, while, and the place CWA thoughts may be built-in into the structures engineering layout method and offers concrete proof for the price that the CWA method presents in each area.
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However, this strategy will also place greater cognitive demands on the operator, as they must go through the process of selecting a new route for the first aircraft, making it suitable only if the operator has some amount of spare attentional resources to focus on the task of redirecting. 6 Formal verbal descriptions of three expert strategies for coping with the task of rerouting two convergent aircraft. 1 to indicate their direct relationship to the DLs developed during the previous analytical phase.
The receiving task involves an aircraft transitioning between zones of air traﬃc control. Before an aircraft can enter a new airspace, the pilot must request permission from the controller who has jurisdiction over that airspace. The controller then chooses whether or not to accept the aircraft based on whether the safety of his or her ﬂight zone can be maintained. Finally, the rerouting task involves changing the proposed ﬂight path of one or more aircraft. This control task may become necessary when there is a potential violation of the ﬁeld of safe travel, which was deﬁned as an abstract function of the domain.
Managing analytical activities across the individual phases and coordinating their resultant domain descriptions proved challenging. 10, which lists the goal of each analytical phase, the speciﬁc tools used to accomplish these goals, and descriptions of how our activities in performing each component analysis were supported by the products of previous phases. © 2009 by Taylor & Francis Group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¶V IXQFWLRQDO SXUSRVHV 'HFLVLRQ /DGGHU ZKDW" 8QLTXH FODVVHV RI UHFXUULQJ WDVNV ZHUH HVWDEOLVKHG LQ SDUW WKURXJK UHIHUHQFH WR WKH JHQHUDOL]HG IXQFWLRQV LGHQWLILHG LQ WKH 3KDVH , ZRUN GRPDLQ DQDO\VLV DV FDSWXUHG E\ WKH DEVWUDFWLRQ KLHUDUFKLHV DQG SDUWZKROH GHFRPSRVLWLRQV )RU D IXOOEUHDGWK &:$ HDFK FRQWURO WDVN RI WKH HQWLUH ZRUN GRPDLQ GHVFULEHG LQ 3KDVH , ZRXOG EH DQDO\]HG LQ GHWDLO 6WUDWHJLHV ,GHQWLI\ WKH GLIIHUHQW ZD\V LQ ZKLFK HDFK RI WKH V\VWHP¶V FRQWURO WDVNV FDQ EH DFFRPSOLVKHG UHJDUGOHVV RI WKH DFWRU SHUIRUPLQJ WKHP ,QIRUPDWLRQ )ORZ 0DS KRZ" 6RFLDO 2UJDQL]DWLRQ ,GHQWLI\ SRWHQWLDO GHVLJQ FRQFHSWV IRU DOORFDWLQJ UHVSRQVLELOLW\ IRU WKH V\VWHP¶V LQGLYLGXDO LQIRUPDWLRQ SURFHVVLQJ DFWLYLWLHV DQG NQRZOHGJH VWDWHV DFURVV D WHDP RI KXPDQ DQG DXWRPDWLRQEDVHG DFWRUV )RU D IXOOEUHDGWK &:$ D VHSDUDWH VWUDWHJLHV DQDO\VLV ZRXOG EH SHUIRUPHG IRU HDFK FRQWURO WDVN LGHQWLILHG LQ 3KDVH ,, ,QIRUPDWLRQ )ORZ 0DS E\ ZKRP" :RUNHU &RPSHWHQFLHV ,GHQWLI\ WHFKQLTXHV²DQG UHTXLUHG FRPSHWHQFLHV RI PHPEHUV RI WKH RSHUDWLRQDO WHDP²IRU HIIHFWLYHO\ DFFRPSOLVKLQJ WKH LQIRUPDWLRQ SURFHVVLQJ VWHSV RI WKH V\VWHP¶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
Applications of cognitive work analysis by Ann M. Bisantz, Catherine M. Burns